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Lunar days in the Hindu calendar are called tithis. They are calculated using the difference of the longitudinal angle between the position of the sun and moon. Because of this, tithis may vary in length.
Consequently, the tithi may or may not have changed by the time the day has changed at sunrise.
And that is why we find at certain times a tithi being omitted, and at certain times, two consecutive days sharing the same tithi.
The (anticlockwise) angular distance between the sun and moon as measured from the earth along the ecliptic (circle on the sky in which the sun, moon and planets seem to move) can vary between 0° and 360°. This is divided into 30 parts.
Each part ends at 12°, 24° etc. The time spent by the moon in each of these parts (i.e. the time taken for the angular distance to increase in steps of 12° starting from 0°) is called one tithi. The month has two paksha -s or fortnights.
The first 15 tithi -s constitute the bright fortnight or shukla paksha and the next 15 tithi -s constitute the dark fortnight or krishna paksha . tithi -s are indicated by their paksha and ordinal number within the paksha .
The 15th tithi of the bright fortnight (full moon) is called purnima and the 15th tithi of the dark fortnight (new moon) is called amavasya . The tithi in which the moon is at the time of sunrise of a day is taken to be the tithi for the day.
While selecting a suitable day and time for any undertaking, the prevalent Tithi (Lunar day), Nakshatra (Star constellation in which the moon is placed at that time) and the Yoga (auspiciousness) are taken into consideration. Here are details of 15 Tithis.
1st Tithi - Pratipat
The presiding deity of the first Tithi in Brahma and is good for all types of auspicious and religious ceremonies.
2nd Tithi - Dwitiya
Vidhatr rules this Tithi and is good for the laying of foundations for buildings and other things of a permanent nature.
3rd Tithi - Tritiya
Visnu is the lord of this day and is good for the cuttings of one's hair and nails and shaving.
4th Tithi - Chaturthi
Yama is lord of the 4th Tithi, which is good for the destruction of one's enemies, the removal of obstacles, and acts of combat.
5th Tithi - Panchami
The Moon rules this day, which is favourable for administering medicine, the purging of poisons, and surgery.
6th Tithi - Shasthi
Karttikeya presides over this day and is favourable for coronations, meeting new friends, festivities, and enjoyment.
7th Tithi - Saptami
The 7th Tithi is ruled by Indra; one may begin a journey, buy conveyances, and deal with other such things as a movable nature.
8th Tithi - Asthami
The Vasus rule this day, which is good for taking up arms, building of one's defenses, and fortification.
9th Tithi - Navami
The Serpent rules this day, with is suitable for killing enemies, acts of destruction, and violence.
10th Tithi - Dasami
The day is ruled by Dharma and is auspicious for acts of virtue, religious functions, spiritual practices, and other pious activities.
11th Tithi - Ekadasi
Rudra rules this day; fasting, devotional activities, and remembrance of the Supreme Lord are very favourable.
12th Tithi - Dvadasi
The Sun rules this day, which is auspicious for religious ceremonies the lighting of the sacred fire, and the performance of one's
13th Tithi - Trayodasi
The day is ruled by Cupid and is good for forming friendships, sensual pleasures, and festivities.
14th Tithi - Chaturdasi
Kali rules this day suitable for administering poison and calling of elementals and spirits.
15th Tithi - Amavasya or Purnima
The Vasve-devas rule the New Moon suitable for the propitiation of the Manes and performance of austerities.
Refer Link:- Prediction According to Peron Birth Tithi
In Hinduism puja according to tithi is more important than date. Birthday puja of person is done according to Tithi one was born. If one do birthday puja on his birth Tithi he may get several benefits. Hindu rituals are done according to Tithi like Pitri puja of death person is done on the tithi when person was death. Contact Us or call 977-9841272615 for Online Tithi puja.
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